A better understanding cell growth that is abnormal found for the development of autistic children can lead to potential treatments for those with the condition. The development of neurons was modeled by some researchers in some patients with autism. This experiment was closing monitored and offered new understating to the researchers on the condition.
The neuron precursor cells received from autistic patients had developed and grown faster in lab experiments than the cells from neurotypical people. A theory that is supported by some researchers says that an abnormal brain growth may have an impact on the development of autism.
Researchers have presented findings that suggest demonstrating diseases with stem cells will give them the ability to improve their understanding of that disease and perhaps identify some potential treatments.
The Molecular Psychiatry published a journal demonstrating this study how researchers created an encouraged pluripotent stem cell. This was done with the skin samples collected from the patients who has autism and had a 23 percent quicker than normal growth on their brains when they were toddlers.
The stem cells were motivated to develop into neuron precursor cells and were then compared to comparable stem cells that were developed from people who did not have autism. The healthy cells displayed a normal amount of activity while the cells from the patients with autism behaved abnormally with a decreased amount of activity.
Researchers then added IGF-1 and the activity of the cells improved. IGF-1 is a growth enhancing protein which is known to enhance the connections between the neurons.
The future of this type of research is expected to focus solely on how the IGF-1 works and what causes connections between the neurons. The impact of what this type of therapy will do for people who has autism will also be studied.
The technology used will assist with generating views on neuron development that have previously been inflexible. The possibility of using the stem cell method to uncover the biology of autism and screen for new treatments is exciting researchers.
What is Autism?
Autism is commonly described as a complex of disorders in brain development. The disorders are usually characterized in different and varying degrees such as the difficulty in social interaction, the inability to be verbal or nonverbal commination and the repetitive behaviors.
Autism can be diagnosed at a very early stage in brain development. The signs and symptoms that appear my apparent are in the ages of 2 or 3 years. Scientists have discovered that Autism is caused by a few rare gene changes or mutations. Risk genes and environmental factors are also the causes of autism at an early age.
Evidence of autism factors involves events before the birth of the child. The parents advance age, maternal illnesses and difficulties during birth such as oxygen deprivation may be factors together with genetic risk factors that can increase the risk of autism.